Healthy Places: Exploring the Evidence

Howard Frumkin

Go to article

Frumkin, H. (1). Healthy Places: Exploring the Evidence. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), 1451–1456.

Evidence-based Design , Public Health , Sense Of Place

“Sense of place” is a widely discussed concept in fields as diverse as geography, environmental psychology, and art, but it has little traction in the field of public health. The health impact of place includes physical, psychological, social, spiritual, and aesthetic outcomes. In this article, the author introduces a sense of place as a public health construct. While many recommendations for “good places” are available, few are based on empirical evidence, and thus they are incompatible with current public health practice. Evidence-based recommendations for healthy placemaking could have important public health implications. Four aspects of the built environment, at different spatial scales—nature contact, buildings, public spaces, and urban form—are identified as offering promising opportunities for public health research, and potential research agendas for each are discussed.

Main finding
Partial evidence shows that public spaces and urban form have important impacts on public health, a research agenda is discussed

Description of method used in the article

Of practical use

Organising categories

Other or N/A
Physical types
Geographic locations