Hadfield, P. (2014). The night-time city. Four modes of exclusion: Reflections on the Urban Studies special collection. Urban Studies, 0042098014552934.
This article presents commentary and analysis on the Urban Studies special collection on the night-time city. The collection highlights burgeoning interest in the urban night from across the social sciences and helps consolidate what might be referred to as the ‘third wave’ of research on the evening and night-time economy (ENTE). The collection addresses the challenges of 21st cen- tury place-making after dark in a variety of international contexts. This commentary interprets individual contributions to this collection in the light of the author’s research experience within an evolving and increasingly sophisticated field of knowledge. The articles have, I suggest, power relations, social exclusion and social sustainability as their most prominent meta-themes. I pro- pose a new conceptual model for the interpretation of situated assemblages of power, capacity and influence, as operating across four overlapping modes of urban governance.
Accessibility to the commercial the evening and night-time economy and to the public night-time realm which surrounds it reflects and often amplifies wider forms of social inequality based on race and ethnicity, social class, gender, sexuality, age, disability and health
Description of method used in the article
Following two decades of sustained research, third-wave ENTE studies – steeped in the literature, but looking to the future – are now better positioned to address the challenges of 21st-century place-making after dark in a variety of international contexts.
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