Alison Parkes, Ade Kearns
Parkes, A., & Kearns, A. (2006). The multi-dimensional neighbourhood and health: a cross-sectional analysis of the Scottish Household Survey, 2001. Health & Place,
Neighbourhoods may influence the health of individual residents in different ways: via the social and physical environment, as well as through facilities and services. Not all factors may be equally important for all population subgroups. A cross-sectional analysis of the Scottish Household Survey 2001 examined a range of neighbourhood factors for links with three health outcomes and two health-related behaviours. The results support the hypothesis that the neighbourhood has a multi-dimensional impact on health. There was also some evidence that the relationship between neighbourhood factors and health varied according to the population subgroup, although not in a consistent manner.
The results of the research confirm the underlying hypothesis that neighborhoods influence health in many different ways. For example, the latest national survey evidence shows that the largest gaps between urban and rural areas in terms of neighbourhood environmental problems exist in relation to heavy traffic and ambient air quality.
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Of practical use